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Unformatted text preview: ities and different countries. Already, one-third of all people in Africa live in drought- prone
regions. The IPCC estimates that by 2050, up to 600 million Africans will be at risk of water stress. 2. On a global level,
increasingly unpredictable weather patterns will lead to falling agricultural production and higher food prices,
leading to food insecurity. In Africa, crop yields could decline by as much as 50% by 2020. Recent experiences around the
world clearly show how such situations can cause political instability and undermine the performance of already fragile states. 3. Changes in
sea-level, more frequent and more severe natural disasters and water shortages have the potential to cause largescale, destabilizing population movements. Migration, especially within a country, is not inherently problematic and
is quite common in Africa. But what we have seen historically in terms of international migration will be tiny
compared to the migration brought about by the magnitude of future pressures on vulnerable populations. All these
factors taken together mean that...
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