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Unformatted text preview: s could rearm in an attempt to balance against emerging threats. Under this scenario,
there would be a heightened possibility of arms races, miscalculation, or other crises spiraling into all-out conflict.
Alternatively, in seeking to accommodate the stronger powers, weaker powers may shift their geopolitical posture away from the
United States. Either way, hostile states would be emboldened to make aggressive moves in their regions. As rival powers
rise, Asia in particular is likely to emerge as a zone of great-power competition. Beijing’s economic rise has enabled
a dramatic military buildup focused on acquisitions of naval, cruise, and ballistic missiles, long-range stealth
aircraft, and anti-satellite capabilities. China’s strategic modernization is aimed, ultimately, at denying the United
States access to the seas around China. Even as cooperative economic ties in the region have grown, China’s expansive territorial claims
— and provocative statements and actions following crises in Korea and incidents at sea — have r...
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