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Unformatted text preview: st-century economic needs.
Government transportation spending, at all levels of government, is overwhelmingly directed toward roads. Since 1956,
the largest portion of public funding for transpor- tation infrastructure was dedicated to building and maintaining highways.1 Although a
small portion (15%) of the federal gas tax is dedicated to a fund for mass transit, the vast majority of federal gas tax revenue is spent on
highways. The same is true for state gas taxes: 30 states are actually constitutionally or statutorily required to spend 100% of their gas tax
revenues on roads. The disproportionate channeling of transportation dollars toward highways has encouraged more and more construction
of roads, even as the demand rises for other forms of transportation. The last multi-year infrastructure law passed by Congress, the 2005
Safe Accountable Flexible Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (known as SAFETEA-LU), authorized $286.4 billion
of federal spending on surface transportati...
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