Final_Review_1_Solutions

D a 99 condence interval is always more informative

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Unformatted text preview: g a 99% confidence interval, it is reasonable to conclude that the mean number of emergency room admissions during a 24-hour period is 21. (d) A 99% confidence interval is always more informative and preferable than a 95% confidence interval since we are more sure of the numbers we report. (e) The margin of error is 1.225 and the sample mean is 19.8. 5. Researchers studying the effectiveness of an anti-anxiety medication randomly sampled 100 patients diagnosed with general anxiety disorder (GAD). Through random assignment half of the patients received a placebo and the other half the anti-anxiety medication. The treatment was considered a success if the patient experienced a reduction in their anxiety level. A 95% confidence interval for the difference between the proportion of success in the two groups (pmedication − pplacebo ) was (-0.02, 0.24). Based on this information, which of the following statements is (are) true? (a) We are 95% confident that the true proportion of success among the population of people who take the medication is 2% lower to 24% higher than the true proportion of success among the population of people who take a placebo. (b) 95% of random samples will produce a difference between -0.02 and 0.24. (c) The 95% confidence interval for (pplacebo − pmedication ) would be (-0.24, 0.02). (d) The 95% confidence interval for (pplacebo − pmedication ) cannot be calculated without knowing the actual sample proportions. 3 (e) We can conclude that the medication was effective and the difference between the two sample proportions was too large to plausibly be due to chance. 6. Since October 2008 chain restaurants in California are required to display calorie counts of each menu item. Prior to menus displaying calorie counts, the average calorie intake of a diner at a CPK restaurant was 1900 kcal. A nutritionist conducts a hypothesis test to see if there has been a significant decrease in the average calorie intake of CPK diners. Below is some information on the sample and the hypothesis test: x = 1806, s = 319, n = 30; t = −1.610, p − value = 0.06, α = 0.05 ¯ Based on this information, which of the following statements is (are) true? (a) The null hypothesis is µ = 1900 and the alternative hypothesis is µ ￿= 1900. (b) There is a 6% chance that the average calorie intake of the diners has remained at 1900 kcal. (c) If in fact the average calorie intake of diners at a CPK has decreased, in 6% of random samples of size 30 we would expect to observe an average calorie intake of 1806 kcal or less. (d) If in fact the average calorie intake of diners at a CPK has not changed, in 6% of random samples of size 30 we would expect to observe an average calorie intake of 1806 kcal or less. (e) The difference between the sample mean of 1806 kcal and the null hypothesized mean of 1900 kcal is due to natural sampling variation. (f) The nutritionist fails to reject H0 and can prove that the average calorie intake has remained...
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This document was uploaded on 12/04/2013.

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