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Unformatted text preview: l alliance, and when in 851 Marduk­zakir­shumi, an Amorite, became king of Babylon, he was soon faced with a revolt led by his brother. Marduk was driven from his throne and appealed to Shalmaneser for help. Shalmaneser helped Marduk get his throne back, then toured the area to visit temples, offer gifts, and hold banquets. Assyrian king Shalmaneser III (L) greets king A unique carving at Kalhu shows Marduk­zakir­shumi of Babylon the two rulers shaking hands as if equals. Balawat gate and detail right, c. 845. Since he spent so Since he spent so much time campaigning, Shalmaneser built a modest palace at Kalhu. He did have these huge doors – 12 ft high, 6 ft wide, built for the temple at Imgur­ Enlil. Assyrian homeland Qarqar Land Land Shalmaneser occupied. Territory Shalmaneser raided, and plundered. The History of Assyria’s power is summed up as “From Qarqar to Carchemish.” Kalhu Shalmaneser III did not have his way totally in the Near East. Shalmaneser III did not have his way totally in the Near Under the leadership of Ben­Hadad of Damascus a League of Kings was formed including: King Ahab of Israel, the king of Hamath, and troops from Egypt and Cilicia in Anatolia, and they met Assyria at: Qarqar Which would be a brief set­back for Assyria Ahab brought 14,000 troops. Shalmaneser claimed victory, but was forced to retire. The League broke up in 841 when Ben­Hadad was murdered by Hazael. Shalmaneser returned in 837 and 835 and took land from Hazael but did not take Damascus. He did force Israel’s King Jehu and the Phoenicians to pay tribute. Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III c.830. Found at Kalhu by Layard in 1846. Has only picture of a king of Israel: Jehu. Shown paying tribute in top panel. 6 ½ feet high Marduk­zakir­shumi 851­819 of Babylon was probably of the native Amorite blood, and so distantly related to the Assyrians. This maybe why they were able to maintain a favorable alliance with the Assyrians for a while. In fact, after Shalmanese...
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