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king reigned as compared to other kings, since each began at their year one. 1600 B.C. By this time, the entire political structure of the Near East was undergoing momentous change. IndoAryans
Hyksos? Kassites move in c. 1590. c.1650: The ancient isolation of Egypt was breached by the Hyksos
In Mesopotamia the Kassites, fleeing Aryans to East moved in to area of collapsed Babylonian kingdom. The native Egyptian rulers establish new capital [in exile] at . Thebes [Luxor]. 1600 B.C.
Hurrians The Hurrians, from Caucasus,
moved into North Mesopotamia
By 1500 had taken over Syria and
joined by some Indo-Arians,
established the Kingdom of Mitanni. IndoAryans
IndoAryans Southern Mesopotamia was
ruled by a loose group of city
states known as the
Sea Lands. What made the Hurrians and the Kassites so successful?
What made the Hurrians and the Kassites so successful?
They brought new technology.
The Mari records: Both used a true horse to pull their wheeled chariots. lighter spoked The fact that the Hyksos, who invaded Egypt, used a similar chariot, has lead some to conclude: Hyksos were related to the Hurrians or Kassites. Kassite Kudurru stone 1590 B.C. --The Kassites, a non-Semitic Aryan
people, came from the east, through the
mountains and on to the plains of Babylon.
They followed in the wake of the destruction left
behind by the earlier incursions of the Hittites.
Part of a larger and wider movement of peoples,
called the Indo/Europeans -- the two areas which
they came to occupy and dominate.
The Kassites quickly settled in.
Within a few generations they were thoroughly
Mesopotamian in culture. Kassite Kudurru stone Kassites adopted the local religion, writing,
literature, and Semitic tongue of the area, to
which they added their own words, and the
general way of life.
The Kassites established a dynasty which ruled
to c. 1154 B.C.
Under Kassite rule, order was soon restored and
New towns grew up, and old established towns
were taken over and restored....
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- Fall '13