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Unformatted text preview: ssyria entered into another century of decline. 1200s – 1100s B.C. Aramaeans continued to move an undermine Kassite power. Trojan War c.1230 Their language began to supplant other tongues. As Assyria weakened by 1200, the Kassite rule of Babylon was briefly restored.
But Assyria did hold off the advance of the Phrygians. 1154: Enlilnadinahi, last Kassite king, was over thrown by Elamite King ShutrukNakhkhunte, who carried off Babylon’s Marduk god, and Victory Stele of NaramSin.
1125: Elamite domination of Babylon ended when Nebuchadnezzar I drove them out. As the Kassite line of kings failed, Elam dominated Babylon for a while.
But a native Amorite, Nebuchadnezzar I (11251104) began the second dynasty of Isin. Nebuchadnezzar I Babylon became the capital again.
His successful war against Elam
brought back the divine image of Marduk from the Elamites. cities. Marduk again installed in his temple in Babylon and declared "King of all gods.”
Nebuchadnezzar did considerable building both in Babylon and other Babylonian He protected the plain and made Babylonia prosperous.
Having overcome the Elamites in the east, Nebuchadnezzar tried to expand to the northwest, but here he met the Assyrians under Ashurreshishi 11321115. Then the next Assyrian king, Tiglathpileser I  attacked Babylon 1104 and Nebuchadnezzar’s reign ended with Babylon again under Assyrian control. Tiglathpileser I  set out to remove all those nations around Assyria Tiglathpileser I
that might threaten them. The use of mass executions and ruthless torture made the consequences of resistance to the Assyrians to horrible to contemplate. But, such policies do not breed loyalty, only fear and hatred. When Tiglathpileser I died (1076), the peoples he conquered were ripe for revolt. The Aramaeans who made up much of his empire revolted and the new The Aramaeans who made up much of his empire revolted and the new Assyrian kings could not stem the tide.
Assyria once again entered an era of eclips...
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- Fall '13