3-4-08 Anthropology Human Classification

3-4-08 Anthropology Human Classification - 1. Human...

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1. Human variation a. Human variation and the cultural constructions of us and them b. Haviland chapter 8 c. AAA statement d. Assignment 2. QUIZ ON THURSDAY!!! (blackboard, online!) 3. Human Diversity a. Humans are a single, highly variable species b. Biological concept of race cannot be applied to human diversity. 4. History of Human Classification a. Geography by skin color b. Linneaus: Categorized  humans into subspecies i. Americanus – consisted of North and South America ii. Asiaticus iii. Africanus iv. Europeanus c. Blumenbach 1795: hierarchy of human types i. 5 categories:  Caucasian, Ethiopian, Mongolian, Malay, American ii. *classification based on appearance. iii. He picked the most beautiful one – a skull of a woman.  This is where we  got Caucasian – (Europeans), but also added a few.  Ethiopian,  Mongolian…etc (as listed above) d. Superior and Inferior races?
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e. Used to justify brutalities from repression to slavery to mass murder or genocide 5. Racism a. One group justifies the dehumanization of others based on their distinctive  physical characteristics 6. Poly- vs. Monogenism a. Polygenism: multiple origins of human subspecies b. Monogenism:  single origin of human species 7. Scientific Racism a. Samuel Morton (1799-1851) i. Used “scientific” data to justify superiority of Europeans and inferiority of  everyone else. ii.
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3-4-08 Anthropology Human Classification - 1. Human...

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