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Weight Control - Weight Control 1 Diseases associated with...

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Weight Control! 1. Diseases associated with obesity: Diabetes Heart disease Hypertension Reproductive cancer Gall bladder disease Joint Problems 2. Theories of Obesity: Nature Based: *Genetic Theory of Obesity -If 0 parents are obese, child runs a 4% risk of becoming obese -If 1 parent is obese, child runs a 60% risk of becoming obese -If 2 parents are obese, child runs a 90% risk of becoming obese *Set Point Theory -Premise: the body has an internal thermostat that maintains a “preset” weight -Obese individuals have an internal thermostat which is set too high -Attempts to lower or change that thermostat number result in body resistance *Fat Cell Number Theory -During periods of growth, all cells multiply and divide, including fat cells -If an individual becomes obese during a growth period, their number of adipocytes becomes much larger than needed -The objective of an adipocyte is to fill with fat, making weight loss attempts and weight management difficult throughout the life span *Enzyme Theory -Obese individuals have more LIPOPROTEIN LIPASE which enables fat storage -Research has shown the fat cells of “fat” individuals contain more LPL Nurture Theories *External Cue Theory
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