Rissman_Psych120A_Fall2013_lec07 (final version) (2)

Similar phonologically dissimilar fee bay he hoe

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Unformatted text preview: st? ¤༊  e.g., count backwards from 357, by 3! Primacy & Recency ¨༊  What happens to recency if you add an intervening task at the end of the list? ¤༊  e.g., count backwards from 357, by 3! ¨༊  Recency effects are abolished! ¤༊  Intervening task depletes working memory for recent items Primacy & Recency ¨༊  What happens to primacy if you slow down the sJmulus presentaJon rate? Primacy & Recency What happens to primacy if you slow down the sJmulus presentaJon rate? ¨༊  Slower presentaJon yields beeer memory for early and middle list items, due to enhanced encoding / rehearsal opportuniJes. ¨༊  1.0 Recency (STM) versus 1.0 Primacy .5 (LTM) 1.0 fast presentation rate selectively impairs performance for early and middle list items .5 0 intervening task selectively abolishes recency effect The Baddeley & Hitch (1974) model of working memory ¨༊  Replaced the concept of a unitary “short- term store” with a mulJ- component “working memory” system Storage (maintenance) components Phonological loop VisuospaJal buffer Processing (manipulaJon) component Central ExecuJve The phonological loop ¨༊  ¨༊  The phonological loop maintains linguisJc informaJon in a phonological form Two sub- components ¤༊  Phonological store n༆  Stores a limited amount of informaJon for a limited Jme n  n༆  ¤༊  Auditory sJmuli have direct access Visual sJmuli have indirect access (phonological recoding required) Rehearsal process n༆  Refreshes the contents of the store, via covert arJculaJon (inner...
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