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Rissman_Psych120A_Fall2013_lec08 (final version)

A under 5 hours b 5 6 hours c 6 7 hours d 7 8 hours

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Unformatted text preview: material ¨༊  Why? ¤༊  In massed pracKce, the context at encoding is similar for all repeKKons ¤༊  In spaced pracKce, the context will differ on each repeKKon ¤༊  Some of this context is likely to match what is encountered at retrieval Kme Varying study over Kme and space (Smith & Rothkopf) ¨༊  ¨༊  ¨༊  ¨༊  Massed prac9ce: studied the material massed in one day Spaced prac9ce: studied the material spaced out over a period of 4 days For each of above condiKons, people studied either in 1 room or 4 rooms (varying environmental context) All groups received the same total study Pme! Spaced pracKce in different locaKons is best! Smith and Rothkopf 7 # recalled 6 5 massed spaced 4 3 2 1 0 one room four rooms TesKng as Learning ¨༊  Being tested for informaKon serves to boost memory. ¤༊  Retrieval is a form of learning! n༆  Learning effecKve mental routes to recover the informaKon n༆  Strengthening the memory trace n༆  Weaving new contextual details into the memory ¤༊  The tes9ng effect n༆  The deep processing needed to take a test helps create longer lasKng memories of the material. TesKng as Learning Neural mechanisms of memory formation and retrieval! The human hippocampus What’s so special about the hippocampus? Felleman & Van Essen, 1991 So, how does this one little brain region work its magic? Memory Formation (Event Encoding) Memory Formation (Event Encoding) hippocampus Event Retrieval: Reconstructing Past Neural Patterns retrie hippocampus val c u e Event Retrieval: Reconstructing Past Neural Patter...
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