Horrendously and Ridiculously Long APUSH 1stSemester NotesPart 7◊Meanwhile…Other, Non-Battle Issues like Obama-madness, free land, and nursing♦South:⇒Shaky government•Davis is unpopular & can’t move public opinion like Lincoln can•Too obsessed with states rights – hinder federal movements⇒1862: Conscription of soldiers – the draft•Rich plantation elite could hire substitutes•Couldn’t be drafted if you owned more than 20 slaves•Very unfair to the poor⇒Economics:•Troubling selling bonds•States wouldn’t pay taxes•Trade was made difficult by the northern blockade•Gov printed “bluebacks” ($) in order to pay their debtsCaused 9000% inflationObama madness!♦North:⇒Lincoln likes to violate the Constitution•What he did:Set up naval blockade without Congressional approvalIncreased the size of the army without Congressional approvalAllowed the Treasury Dept. to issue $ w/o approval of CongressSuspends habeas corpus – can now hold prisoners indefinitely⊗This is major! Especially applies for the border statesSupervised voting in border states⊗The military watches as you publically voted – uh, yeah.Suppressed the free press•Justification: Anything to save the Union⇒1863: N starts conscription (the draft)•Need more soldiers! Enlistments are down on both sides•Rich people can hire substitutes, but not quite as devastating for the poor as in the south•7/13 – 7/16 1863: NYC Draft Riots:People in New York City are angry about the draft – they don’t want to goBrutal riots
⊗Lynching⊗Denounced Lincoln⊗Burned stuff, etc⇒Economics:•Passed all sorts of fun tariffs and bills:1861: Morrill Tariff⊗Protective tariff⊗Passed by Congress while Buchanan was still in office1862: Legal Tender Act⊗Authorized printing of greenbacks ($)⊗Way for Congress to finance war∇Although, most of the wars finances came through gov bonds1862: Homestead Act⊗Free land! Homesteads available if families willing to use & improve them1862: Morrill Land Grant Act⊗Established land for state colleges to teach about agriculture1863: Pacific RR Act⊗Allowed building of transcontinental RR1863: National Banking Act⊗Goal to unify banks⊗Way to get everyone to use the same currency•Industry!War actually helps industryNew technology helps conserve labor⊗Railroads, for instance, improve hugely∇Create standard time & time zones⊗Sewing machines∇Create standard clothing sizesAgricultural innovations make farm labor much easier & help make midwest the breadbasket nation⇒Women:•Revolutionized nursingClara Barton founded the Red CrossConstituted most of the volunteers for the Sanitation Dept.