Road to war - Horrendously and Ridiculously Long APUSH 1st...

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Horrendously and Ridiculously Long APUSH 1stSemester NotesPart 6Stupid Presidents & the Road to WarElection 1852 (w/ Japan):Franklin Pierce (Dem, pro-south northerner) VS Winfield Scott (Whig) Pierce winsWhigs split (N vs S), which contributes to lossExpansion & Slave PowerPierce wants US expansionSends Commodore Matthew Perry to JapanThreatened Japanese until trade opened between the two countriesWants CubaOstend ManifestoSecret memo regarding the purchase of Cuba$120 billion for Cuba or war with SpainManifesto leaks outNorth goes crazy – slave power!!!! Ah!!!Transcontinental RRNeeded to get a route to CaliforniaDo we put the RR in N or SS route better because of not having to go through the mountainsIf in N, it would go through unorganized territoryN angry that theirterritory is unorganizedGadsden PurchaseNeed extra land from Mexico to build RR in SouthBuy some for $10 billionN angry1854: Kansas-Nebraska ActStephen Douglas decides to organize Kansas and Nebraska TerritoryMakes policy of popular sovereignty to determine slavery for both statesThis VIOLATES THE MO COMPROMISE! KS & NE are north of the MO Compromise line!Douglass doesn’t care about slaveryOnly wants to organize territory to get more $ more ChicagoAct passes – barelyS happy, N angry
Bloody Kansas:Contest for slavery in KS – who can get the most population? Pro-slavery people or abolitionists?Very few slaves brought but the whole settlement was a battle over slavery!Settlers from MO (Border Ruffians) flooded KSVoted multiple times (illegal)Set up their own gov based on elections w/ voter fraudFreesoilers start coming too to combat Border RuffiansJohn Brown: the crazy loser radical redneck dudeMinister in MA (Beecher) ships him guns in boxes labeled “Bibles”Ruffians attack town of LawrenceBrown attacks with Potawatomi Creek MassacreBloody. Stuff happensCaused long term rivalry between KS and MO (continues today…like MI VS OH)Brooks-Sumner Affair – Brooks beats up Sumner with a caneCharles Sumner gives speech“The Crime Against Kansas”Attacks slaveholders (w/ words)Especially attacks Andrew Butler (random guy)Not well liked, stubborn guy – reminiscent of J. AdamsPreston Brooks wants a duel!He’s the brother of Andrew ButlerCan’t duel because it’s illegalStarts beating Sumner with a caneSumner almost diedHad to go to Europe for three years for medical treatmentMA re-elects him anyway on principal – MASSHOLESBrooks is hero in the southIs sent many canes in the mailSC still has an entire room dedicated to Brooks’ caneElection 1856:Millard Fillmore (Whig) VS John C Frémont (Republican) VS James Buchanan (Dem) Buchanan wins
Because he’s been out of the country and has no opinion on the KS-NE ActParties:Democratic split into N Dems & S Dems

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