Urbanizing North to 1850 - Horrendously and Ridiculously...

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Horrendously and Ridiculously Long APUSH 1 st Semester Notes Part 5 Life in the Urbanizing North – ick, ickity, ick Inventions/Inventors: Government encourages inventors: Inventing patens States innovate transportation Pro-business atmosphere But still conflict between Jeffersonians & Hamiltonians Toll roads & turnpikes 1811: National Road finished Eli Whitney Cotton gin (see previous notes on slavery impact) American system of manufacturing Interchangeable parts Things can be repaired, not replaced Robert Fulton The Clermont (steam ship) Erie Canal System Helps midwest settlement SYSTEM of canals, not one canal Canals reign from 1820-1830 Then RRs take over Westward Movement: Frontier life is really hard Disease Poverty Isolation People would go insane from isolation sometimes Ideals: Rugged Individualism Can conquer nature, etc, roar Immigration Population doubles every 25 years 4 th most populous in Western World Bigger population than Britain Major growth in the cities 1 st sewer systems in NY Housing shortages Crime increases
Urban growth mostly from immigration Reasons for Immigration: Irish Potato Famine Irish were starving cuz they lost their staple crop All non-potato food was shipped to England Irish flee to America, Australia, S. America, etc Irish tend to congregate in mixed cities – NYC, Boston, etc 1860: More Irish in US than in Ireland Treated poorly by Americans Drinkers Catholics Get the worst jobs Create railroads, canals, etc More opportunities Gold Rush Steamships make the trip easier War in Europe Germans pour into cities Bring several customs: Kindergarten Xmas tree Conestoga Wagon Absorbed easily into American culture Spread out, so they never gain political clout Free blacks in cities treated poorly – N or S Political machines Run politics in cities Rig & control elections Give Irish (or other immigrants) better jobs in exchange for a vote Especially police jobs Nativists: Anyone who opposes immigration Don’t like Irish or Germans cuz they think they Drink too much Don’t take Sabbath seriously FEAR Immigrants have lots of kids…could take over and make Americans live under immigrant culture! Catholics flood US Freak out nativists
Create parochial schools for fear that kids will be turned against Catholicism Protestants form secret societies Tried to infiltrate schools Wrote crap fiction (propagated as fact) about their “experiences” Know-Nothings Secret society turned political party Stop immigration and deport all immigrants!

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