WWII and JFK Assassination - Slightly Less But Still...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 16 pages.

Slightly Less But Still Ridiculously & Horrendously Long APUSH 2ndSemester NotesPart 10Harry Truman – Post-WWII World, False Headlines, the Economy…and the Start of the Cold WarForeign Policy - The Cold War Begins (and some other stuff)After WWII, the US will never be isolationist againPushed to internationalism by fear of communismJoin NATO, a military alliance (ironic…not long ago that was the issue w/ Versailles4/25/1945: United Nations officially opensGeneral Assembly made up of all member countries, makes decisions, and elects UN prezSecurity Council made up of the most powerful member countriesOne member of Council can veto any decision made by the Assembly, if a rep from that country is presentIn 1945, the Council members were the US, USSR, Britain, France, and ChinaBreton Woods Conference held by US in New Hampshire to create financial institutions for global economic recoveryIMF (International Monetary Fund) to encourage trade and regulate currency exchange ratesWorld Bank to promote economic growth by encouraging free tradeUS works at these institutions, USSR declines thinking it’s a capitalist plotIsraelUN works on a way to give Jews a homeland to compensate for HolocaustGives Jews their historic & religious homeland – IsraelThis is opposed by just about every Middle Eastern (ME) countryUN doesn’t care – now there are problemsUS recognizes Israel immediately, causing tension with ME nations:INTERMISSION: Overview of the Cold War Strategies!!!Espionage (KGB VS CIA)Arms Race (nuclear escalation)Ideological Competition for Nonaligned Nations (democracy/capitalism VS communism/command economy)Proxy Wars (like Korea, Vietnam, and Afghanistan)Atomic Anxieties
~~ Duck and Cover generation. They believe they are gonna die in nuclear explosion. 1946-1960, US explodes 217 nukes, looking for improvements~~Lots of UFO sightings – Hollywood starts making cheesy alien films. The aliens are almost always metaphors for communists.Bipolarization of Europe – Warsaw Pact VS NATOThe Beginning of the StupidWar (1945-1989) that Engulfed the Whole Wide WorldReasons– SimilaritiesBoth isolationists with no experience as world leadersBoth practice missionary diplomacy (try to export ideas)Both think their own way is the only wayThey are the only superpowers – nobody else comes close. So there’s no buffersSimply provoke each other a bunch of times into a 4 ½ decade stand-offReasons – Different Views of the Post-War WorldUS wants openness, democracy, and peace; USSR wants to surround themselves with spheres of influence (esp. a buffer zone between them and Germany)US wants a strong, recovered Germany to avoid another war caused from German discontent (like w/ Treaty of Versailles); USSR wants a weak Germany that can never rise to power againUS suspicion:Afraid of the spread of communism (which is the goal of communism)Afraid that Soviets want to take over the world

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture