COMPLETE COMM

COMPLETE COMM - Literature Review Critique 1 Running Head:...

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Literature Review Critique 1 Running Head: PUBLIC SPEAKING RESEARCH LITERATURE A Review of Public Speaking Research Literature Brian J. Adams CST 190 Section 002
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Literature Review Critique 2 Fox Tree, J. (2002).Interpreting pauses and ums at turn exchanges. Discourse Processes . 31 , 37-55. Student Rationale: The reason I picked this article really lies in my reason for being a communication studies minor. Whereas my major is political science, and I plan on being a lawyer, public speaking is going to have to be a forte in my life. Therefore, I was quite interested in understanding and comprehending how simple and unconscious idiosyncrasies end up changing an audience’s perception of the speaker. Author Rationale: This information would obviously be useful to any political candidate, or any public or private speaker. It shows the significance, or possible lack there of, of verbal and non-verbal pauses. This information could easily be used to help train employees. Also, previous research has been done on the verbal pauses, which allows this research to contribute to those studies as well. Literature Review: This study cites previous studies in which vocal pauses were studied. In fact, Fox Tree has personally done a previous study in which ‘um’ and ‘uh’ were studied in relation to processing speed. Hypotheses: “A) The filter hypothesis, that ums are filtered out by over-hearers and have no effect on judgment. B) The duration hypothesis, that the effects of ums can be linked to their durations. C) The separate contributions hypothesis, that there is an effect of the phonological form of um that is separate from the effects of silent pauses.” (Fox Tree, 50) Methodology: The study used a mix of experimental and also survey research. They did this but not only have a control and multiple subjects, but also by asking them questions. The method was carried out by first asking participants questions that would stimulate a somewhat emotional trigger. Questions concerned mainly social issues. Then, a separate set of participants were asked to rate the speakers specific attributions. Results: The filter hypothesis was not validated in this study. In fact only twice was the hypothesis tested correctly. However, the duration hypothesis was correct six out of nine times. Finally, the separate contributions hypothesis was correct 4 out of nine times.
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COMPLETE COMM - Literature Review Critique 1 Running Head:...

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