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Academic report demonstrating an understanding of psychological research.9VICTORIA BELL
Terms of ReferenceThis academic report will cover four topics, covering an understanding of the scientific research and introduction of psychology. It will cover topics such as experimental and non-experimental methods and observations used in psychology, along with their strengths and weaknesses, physiological understanding on case studies and researching different methods of approaches such as Biological, Psychodynamic, Humanistic, Cognitive and Behavioural, including the classical and operant conditioning and social learning theory. It will also cover a physiological study about the Pygmalion Effect based on Rosenthal and Jacobson 1968, followed by research on ethical guidelines.
Contents PageTitle PageTerms of Reference 1Contents 2Research Methodology 3Findings 4-9Conclusion 9Recommendations 10Reference List 11
Research MethodologyDuring the Covid-19, it was difficult for me to have access to a range ofresources such as books or journals. However, I connected with a friendwho has thorough knowledge and graduated in this field. My friend alsoproofread my work and tested my knowledge to help me understand andmake amendments where necessary. I was able to research more onpsychology on a variety of websites and used the in-depth study materialson epearl where I watched the detailed videos.
FindingsSection OneScientific methodThe scientific technique utilizes tests to decide a causal connection between 2 variables. This is done by controlling every other variable that are not the independent or the dependent variable. By having such control, we can be certain that any observed change in the dependent variable is an immediate after effect of the control of the independent variable, and in this manner, a causal connection can be established. Validity refers to whether psychological research creates an outcome that is real. If the finding is legitimate, this implies the finding is authentic and presents to what really happens. This incorporates whether the scientists have estimated what they proposed to quantify, just as the degree to which discoveries can be summed up past the research setting where they were found. Discoveries are legitimate if the exploration can be imitated across various settings and societies and accomplish similar findings. To have the option to effectively repeat research, the first exploration must have significant level of inward and outside legitimacy. Experimental research frequently has higher inner legitimacy than other research strategies, as such control in tests implies that we can be progressively sure that the progressions in DV is only due to the IV, and therefore any findings from this research is of high internal validity. Examples of independent and dependent variables: Do people who live in a city walk more and weigh lessthan similar individuals in a suburb? Independent: Whether someone lives

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Term
Fall
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
Psychology, self fulfilling prophecy, Pygmalion effect, Professor Rosenthal

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