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Philosophy Midterm - Singer consequentialist Supererogatory...

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Singer – consequentialist Supererogatory: receiving moral credit for something that is not morally required Davis Deontological constraints are narrowly frame and bounded Constraints against lying, not against you having the effect that people don’t understand the truth Argument on 207 deontological don’t count the interests of various people equally (faced with death of 1 vs death of 5, one should die instead of five or each should have an equal chance) Nielson There are not any acts types that you could know a priori that can be deemed morally impermissible, there are always going to be conceivable situations that will violate deontological rules Can hold just as much as Mill does that we must use rules of thumb. Mill Empiricist methodology: matters are decided empirically, whether something can be done in a certain situation. You cannot know that lying is wrong a prior without experience. Axiology: Read editor’s intro Railton
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