FINAL REVIEW SHEET

FINAL REVIEW SHEET - THE 050: FINAL REVIEW DATA: Sophocles...

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THE 050: FINAL REVIEW DATA: Sophocles Antigone : 441 BCE Kan’ami Matsukaze : 15 th Century Shakespeare King Lear: 1606 Suzki’s Lear- 1988 Henik Ibsen A Doll’s House : 1879 Tennessee Williams A Streetcar Named Desire: 1947 Jean Anouilh’s Antigone : 1943 Mother Courage and Her Children- Bertolt Brecht 1939 Antigone, Too- Martha Boesing : 1983 Angels in America- Tony Kushner: 1991 Cloud 9- Carly Churchill: 1979 Fires in the Mirror- Anna Deavere Smith: 1991 Dr. Faustus- Christopher Marlowe: 1593 The Faustus Project- Catherine Schuler and Susan Leonardi: 1993 Greek theatre: -Athens -534 (Thesbus named best actor)-404 BC (end of Peloponnesian War) -Judged and prizes awarded -religious undertones -two types: tragedy and comedy -masks were worn [chorus wore same masks] -Ampitheatre- orchestra and skene (“green room”) -parade, civic festival (City of Dionysia in ancient Greece) - 500-400 BCE -Prologue, Parados (intro chorus), Epidoes (action of play), Odes (lyrical chorus), Catastrophe (down fall), Exodus (final scene).
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Two sources for Greek tragedy according to Aristotle are the dithyramns ( and the rhapsodes (telling of stories). Terms: Plot: dictates what characters are necessary to imitate the chosen action and what arguments are embodied and expressed by the characters as they speak and move in space. It’s different from a story because it is constructed by the playwright to achieve a specific effect. Story, by contrast, is a telling of events. -Aristotle (330’s BC under period of Alexander) argues that plot is the most important part of the play. It is the overall organization of an action. It is a particular arrangement of incidents that provide the structure, coherence and meaning of the play. The Poetics: 6 elements [lecture notes] (any tragedy has to contain, in right magnitude) Plot, Character, Idea, Language, Spectacle, Song Discovery: The conception of drama as imitated action presupposes movement, which is predicated on discovery, resultant action, and sometimes reversal. Discovery is a change from ignorance to knowledge (Poetics). Plots are advanced when characters make discoveries. Audiences simultaneously discover necessary information. Discovery is of several types: - signs: physical characteristics [scars, limps, hair color] costumes, or stage properties) - invention (contrived by the playwright; does not arise naturally out of the action) - memory (sight of something stirs a memory, leads to reflection, and culminated in recognition) - reasoning (the application of logic, Sherlock Holmes style) - organic discovery: arising out of the plot. Elements of Plot: Point of Attack: The place in the story where the playwright begins the play. Ex. Antigone and Ismene outside palace talking. Beginning, Middle ,End: to achieve “wholeness” a dramatic action must have a
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course THE 50 taught by Professor Greeley during the Fall '07 term at Vermont.

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FINAL REVIEW SHEET - THE 050: FINAL REVIEW DATA: Sophocles...

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