{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

FINAL PAPER- MOLIERE

FINAL PAPER- MOLIERE - Moliere and the King The...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Moliere and the King: The Relationship That Saved The Famous Playwright By Alex “Lexie” Picker Theatre History 150 Lynne Greeley 5 March 2008
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
On January 17, 1673, one of the world’s greatest comedic playwrights collapsed during one of his performances. He died that same night with only two nuns by his side. The church forbade him to be seen by a priest. 1 Moliere (born Jean- Baptiste Poqulin) was a brilliant dramatist. He had many admirers during his career, but he also had a countless list of rivals. The Church dominated political power during Moliere’s time and was the biggest challenge that he struggled against. In response, arises the question: how did Moliere come to accomplish so many entertaining and politically charged comedies when the religious authorities intensely disapproved? I argue that without King Louis XIV’s influence, Moliere would never have been able to rise above the religious authorities to survive as a playwright. To support my thesis about Moliere’s dependent relationship on King Louis XIV, I will first consider Moliere’s biography and lay out the time period in which he thrived. Secondly, I will highlight the politics of King Louis XIV and the role of the religious authorities during Moliere’s time (1622-1673) 2 . Lastly, I will show how the religious authorities tried to break Moliere, but King Louis XIV prevented that from occurring. In January, during the year of 1622 3 , one of the greatest playwrights the world has ever seen was born. Jean-Baptist Poquelin was born to his father, Jean Poquelin, who lived in the Halles district of Paris. Jean-Baptist Poquelin was born into a family of tapestry makers. 4 His father had high hopes for his son and decided to enroll him in school where Jean-Baptiste studied law. During the time of his adolescence, his father purchased the post of official furnisher at the court. This gave Jean Baptiste the 1 “Molière.” Encyclopedia of World Biography (Detroit: Gale Research, 1998), 88. 2 “Moliere,” 86. 3 David Bradby and Andrew Calder, eds., Moliere (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006), XV. 4 Bradby, XV. 2
Image of page 2
opportunity to grow up around the court in Paris. 5 His relatives, the Mazuels, who were popular musicians at the time, aided him in gaining access to the courts as well. 6 It has been said that even from a very early age he was attracted to the art of theatre. He developed friendships with many famous thespians, notably Tiberio Fiorelli and young actress Madeleine Bejart. 7 Around 1632, Jean- Baptiste’s mother died and his family was left with a comfortable amount of money. He was destined to join his father and possibly take over his post at the court, but Jean-Baptiste had a growing passion for theatre in his heart. He knew he could not take up the rights of the office of tapestry, so he ceded the rights given to him by his father, to his brother. 8 Jean- Bapiste had no intention of ruining his family’s name or embarrassing his loved ones, so he decided to assume a stage name to spare them: Moliere. In the summer of 1643, now Moliere, entered into a contract with
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern