MIDTerm Review - MID-TERM REVIEW 1. Approaches to studying...

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MID-TERM REVIEW 15/10/2007 21:34:00 1. Approaches to studying Sport 2. Distinction between play, game, and sport (including four characteristics of sport)  play – “can” involve physical activity; non-competitive; not regulated; outcome  game – physical activity; competitive; regulated (some rules); outcome is somewhat  important (no major consequences) sport – PHYSCIAL ACTIVITY; competitive; institutionalized; outcome is VERY  important (major consequences)   3. Basic assumptions underlying sociology; problems/controversies surrounding  sociology  individuals are social beings – rely on others for survival; compete to achieve things social factors shape us individual create, sustain and change the social forms within which they conduct their  lives – social groups formed by members who can effectuate change; institutions and  groups are dynamic  4. Parson’s institutional dominance theory suggest that in any society, one institution dominates and will affect other institutions  Family, politics, religion, economy  5. Sociological theories; their view of sport Functionalism – sport is a valuable contributor to social stability that benefits society  as well as individuals  Conflict Theory – sport is distorted by the needs of capital; sport is an opiate to the  masses that distracts attention away from the problems that affect those without  economic power Interactionism – sports are forms of culture created thorough social interaction; sport  participation is grounded in the decisions made by people in connection with their 
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MIDTerm Review - MID-TERM REVIEW 1. Approaches to studying...

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