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(7.7 continued)What similarities and differences were there in the methods governments used to conduct war? Japan OverreachesDescribe some of Japan’s early victories (what territory did they get, who did the attack, etc.)The US Navy, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii – The Philippines – The Dutch East Indies – British Malaya – Burma – Other Pacific IslandsWhat was the effect of Japan’s bombing of Pearl Harbor: It destroyed most of the US Pacific fleet, the US retreated from isolation and joined the world war.How did colonial armies, like the Indian Army, participate in the war? Colonies joined the Allies, and for the Indian army, they went from 200,000 men to 2.5 million men.Home Front:US: How did the US industry change during WWII? – Production increasedWho found work in US factories after men left for war? – WomenWhat did US factories produce at this time? – Ships, tanks, planes, landing craft, radar equipment, guns, and ammunitionGermany: Where did Germany take most of its labor from? – Through forceWhy was this system counterproductive? – The workers were treated badlyJapan:Describe how Japan’s government presented the war: Through an optimistic view.Did Japan’s women mobilize in the war effort? – No, they did not.The Tide Turns in the European TheatreWhen did the US enter the war? – December 1941Who were the Allied powers? – Great Britain and the Soviet UnionIn which battle did the “tide turn” and the British defeat Germany? – The Battle of El Alamein Describe the Battle of Stalingrad and its effects: The Soviet Union defeated the German Sixth Army, which led to the war being turned on Germany.The Tide Turns in the Pacific TheatreDescribe the event and significance of the following battles: ★Battle of the Coral Sea – The first allied victory over Japan★Battle of Midway Island – The destruction of four Japanese aircraft carriers★Guadalacanal – The first major offensive victory occurredDescribe Douglas MacArthur’s “Island hopping” strategy and explain why it was successful: They went to islands that were weak, defeating them, built a runway to fuel up and take off, and went to the next island.