CRIMINOLOGY

CRIMINOLOGY - CRIMINOLOGY I. What is crime? A. Crime 1. to...

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CRIMINOLOGY I. What is crime? A. Crime 1. to one person it may be something, but to another it may not be considered crime. 2. has elusive, varied, and diverse meanings 3. this happens because… a. if the definition of crime is too narrow, harms that should be included, might go ignored b. if it is too broad, then almost any deviations is a crime B. Crime is contextual 1. it depends on the social setting, specific context, historical period, or situation as to how people are going to define crime. 2. laws are written but laws are also always up to interpretation C. Why measure and define crime? 1. government uses definition of crime to make policy decisions concerning social issues a. what areas need more policing b. budget money for crime prevention D. Legal definition of crime 1. since the eighteenth century, crime has been defined as acts prohibited, prosecuted, and punished by criminal law 2. “criminal law gives behavior its quality of criminality a. criminal law specifies the acts or omissions that constitute crime 3. Tappan defined crime as “an intentional act or omissions in violation of criminal law (statutory and case), committed without defense or justification, and sanctioned by the state as a felony or misdemeanor.” a. believed study of criminals should be by those convicted by cts. 4. most criminologists believe crime is a “behavior in violations of
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course SOC 223 taught by Professor Mcconell during the Spring '08 term at UVA.

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CRIMINOLOGY - CRIMINOLOGY I. What is crime? A. Crime 1. to...

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