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Simons et. al. Study Questions

Simons et. al. Study Questions - Criminology Study...

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Criminology Study Questions On Simons, Simons and Wallace’s Families, Delinquency and Crime. Robert Day McConnell What follows are three large sets of questions based on Simons et. al.’s Families, Delinquency, and Crime . Each of these sets focuses on a particular issue and attempts to trace it throughout the life-course as it contributes to criminal behavior. These sets of questions are indeed very detailed, and they have been written as such to aid students in focusing on the central ideas in Simons et. al.’s argument. Additionally, they are organized in a way very much like an actual essay on any one of these subjects would be organized. At various places in these sets, pages on which students will need to focus to answer particular questions have been indicated. This provision of page numbers is meant to aid students in understanding precisely what certain questions are asking and in locating particular subjects. However, what is discussed on the cited pages by no means comes close to exhausting the full amount of material that students will need to understand and digest in order to produce their final exam essays. If you have any questions or concerns not addressed in the syllabus or in this introductory paragraph, please feel free to speak either with your TA or with Bob.
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1. Transitivity of Antisocial Behavior. What is the transitivity of antisocial behavior? *Virtually all seriously delinquent adolescents were oppositional or defiant at age 19; nearly all adult criminals were seriously delinquent during adolescence. This doesn’t mean that anti-social children necessarily grow up to become adult criminals. Only about half of all conduct-disordered children go on to engage in serious delinquency. Although childhood deviance increase the chances of adult antisocial behavior, many individuals age out of their antisocial tendencies. What about Gottfredson and Hirschi’s self-control theory classifies it as a theory of population heterogeneity (118)? How well should childhood antisocial behavior predict adult crime according to self-control theory? What do findings about the transitivity of antisocial behavior across the life-course as well as specific tests of self-control theory indicate about this theory’s validity (28-30, 126-30)? * According to Simons et. al, does the general pattern of the transitivity of antisocial behavior better match Gottfedson and Hirschi’s self-control theory or Sampson and Laub’s age-graded theory? How is Sampson and Laub’s life-course model based on Hirschi’s social control theory (123-24)? How do Hirschi’s social control theory and age-graded social control theory differ in terms of the amount of the life course that each takes into consideration? How is Sampson and Laub’s age-graded social control theory a state dependent theory (123)? What cumulative disadvantages mount from childhood through adolescence and result in adult
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Simons et. al. Study Questions - Criminology Study...

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