The French Revolution 1789

The French Revolution 1789 - 1. The French Revolution 1789...

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1. The French Revolution 1789 - 1799 a. Throughout the middle of the Century the king in Louis XV 1710-1715-1774 b. He chills in Versailles c. Louis XV didn’t have the will or interest to govern the country d. His most famous mistress was Madame Pompadour i. She had great influence on the king e. He went through his ministers about every 2 years causing instability f.Money problem plagues Louis XV with his extravagant lifestyle and wars g. Louis really didn’t care about the money problem i. Après Moi, Le deluge - after me the storm - meaning that he didn’t care about what happens when he dies ii. His heir - his grandson feels the brunt of this 2. Louis XVI 1754-1774-1792-1793 a. He was more caring but he wasn't a forceful enough of a leader b. Hires great ministers i. The finance minister saves a good deal of money but the American Revolution bankrupts France c. He proposes a tax on property owners d. Louis XVI decides to call together the estates general e. In Jan. 1789 he calls together the Esates General which hasn’t been called together in 1614 - Jan 1789 i. This sets the wheels in motion toward the French Revolution 3. The Estates General a. Big body formed of three different estates i. The Clergy ii. The Nobility iii. Everyone else - Middle and poor clases - mostly merchants bankers doctors lawyers 1. The third estate is suffering the most 2. High unemployment taxes and inflation 3. Had a bad drought and severe winter a. Crops are affected and a famine creeping in b. People are restless when the Estates General meets in 1789 i. The immediately begin quarreling with each other ii. Voting is done by whole estate rather than headcount iii. The third estate doesn’t like this and it leads to gridlock c. On June 17th, 1789 the Third Estate breaks away and becomes the National Assembly i. The National Assembly does invite members from the other estates ii. On June 20th they try to meet but discover the government has locked them out iii. They decide to meet in a tennis court and take the tennis court oath 1. This says that they will keep meeting until they form a constitution for France a. While this is happening the government is still trying to look for solutions b. A well liked finance minister is fired and the National Assembly thinks that it is a move against them c. Rumors spread that government troops are ready to march into Paris
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d. On the Morning of July 14th, 1789 the people take to the streets of Paris looking for weapons - on the east side of paris there is a large prison fortress called Bastille there were seven prisoners on July 14th i. Around mid morning about 1000 people gather around the Bastille which was protected by 100 men ii. When the prison governor came out he invited in representatives iii. This goes on for awhile and the crowd decides to rush in iv. The defenders fire on the crowd and they scatter - later in the day reinforcements show up - some people even have canon v. He eventually decides to open the Bastille -
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course EUH 2001 taught by Professor Bizon during the Spring '08 term at University of Central Florida.

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The French Revolution 1789 - 1. The French Revolution 1789...

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