Wingerson Theory Week 3 Discussion.docx - Compare and...

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Compare and Contrast Two Separate TheoriesImogene King’s created the Theory of Goal Attainment to be a foundation to explain the “why”of nursing (Caceres, 2015). King’s conceptual framework consists of personal, interpersonal andsocial systems that interact together to meet the health needs of patients (Fronczek et al., 2017).King believed that “human beings are open systems in constant interaction with theenvironment” according to Caceres. King’s Theory of Goal Attainment focuses on perceptions,communications, interactions and transactions between the nurse and patient to establish andobtain goals and achieve a state of health (Fronczek et. al, 2017). Caceres studied the goalattainment theory and patient’s functional statuses. The study found that functional status shouldbe used as a guide for nursing practice to provide patient centered healthcare. King is aninteraction theorist, as she focuses on the development of a relationship between the patients andnurses.Margaret Newman’s Theory of Health as Expanding Consciousness is derived from MarthaRoger’s science of unitary beings (Schools of Thought in Nursing Theories). Like King’s theory,Newman focused on a caring partnership between the nurse and patient. Newman believed healthis an expanded state of consciousness- a process of becoming more oneself, finding meaning inlife and becoming more connected with other people (Petiprin & Endo, 2020). Unlike King’stheory, Newman’s theory was initially specifically created for patients whose health did notinclude absence of disease. Newman’s theory progressed to include all persons whether or not

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Term
Fall
Professor
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Tags
Nursing, Margaret Newman

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