Chapter 11 - Chapter 11 Congress Popular democrats though...

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Chapter 11- Congress Popular democrats though: Congress should be the “people’s branch”: o filled with citizen-lawmakers o open to citizens who wish to be heard o open to citizens to hear deliberations o resistant to arbitrary action and secrecy from executive Elite democrats thought: Forces more to which congress responds o Federalist designed house to be more democratic and senate to be more elite o Representatives are superior men, who filter out peoples passions and promote true welfare o Anti Federalist fear corruption of elite , wanted representatives that would closely represent the ordinary citizen o Elite democracy as federalist had hoped, reflected in a membership of well educated political professionals o Elite democracy as anti federalist had warned, reflected in a membership whose continuance in office is financed by economic elites and rewarded with aristocratic “perks” by high office Present day congress is a mixture of elite and popular democracy! Congress before the Revolution: Congressional revolution of 1995 was a republican revolution, before revolution it was mostly democratic. Four important factors of congress: Individual members and their districts Committees Parties Leadership Individual Members and Their Districts: o 1 st in importance o Interest was primarily in own districts or states o Voting behavior was designed to secure individual success by pleasing electorate at home o Individualism was the heart of electoral process o Candidates were self selected, experienced public officials, ambitious, willing to work hard o Incumbents: person who currently holds the office o Almost always reelected in the house, and most of time in senate o Factors affecting include money, years in office to campaign funds o Franking privilege: they sent mass mailings to constituents without having to pay postage o Casework: members could assign staffers in their district offices to help constituents facing problems with federal agencies
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o Ceaseless pursuit inn between electoral campaigns Congressional Committees: o Committee System: most of work in congress is done in smaller groups Standing committees: permanent bodies that perform most of the work Gather information through investigations and hearings Draft legislation and report it to their parent chambers
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  • Spring '08
  • LATIMER
  • President of the United States, United States Congress, United States Senate, United States House of Representatives, individual members

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Chapter 11 - Chapter 11 Congress Popular democrats though...

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