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1DB 1: ORGANIZATIONAL SYSTEMSDiscussion Board 1: Organizational SystemsStephanie GreenSchool of Business, Liberty UniversityBUSI 735: Understanding the OrganizationDr. Michael ColemanNovember 5, 2020
2DB 1: ORGANIZATIONAL SYSTEMSDiscussion Board 1: Organizational SystemsThere are three organizational systems: rational, natural, and open. Each have differentand unique perspectives as well as theoretical viewpoints that derive from them. Some of thetheoretical viewpoints do not just adhere to one of the organizational system perspectives; forsome, it contains a mixture.Rational SystemThe rational system views organizations as a group that is highly formulized. It hasseveral logical and rational characteristics that help focus an organization achieve its purpose. Inaddition, there are several theoretical viewpoints that were created from the rational systemframework.CharacteristicsThe definition of a rational system consists of two features: (1) organizations arepurposeful. They strive to attain specific, clearly defined goals and are often seen as a means toan end; (2) organizations have a high level of formalization. Its structure is formulated whereroles and roles relations are seen as independent of the personal attributes and relations ofindividuals occupying positions in the organizational structure (Scott & Davis, 2016). As a result,rational organizations are often organized in a manner that is considered “rational” whencompared to its purpose and goal. This focused view does not consider moral or ethicalviewpoints but focuses on the structure and its purpose.Scott & Davis (2016) referenced Captain Ahab in Moby Dick while discussing rationalsystems. They said that Captain Ahab remarked that, “All my means are sane, my motive andobject are mad” (Scott & Davis, 2016, p. 35). The crew and participants of Captain Ahab’sadventure shared the same goals that were formulated into a process mandated by Ahab. As a
3DB 1: ORGANIZATIONAL SYSTEMSresult, Captain Ahab’s crew can be considered a rational organization, based on the definitionprovided.Advantages.The rational system model creates a streamlined and logical, clear-cutdecision-making process. It follows a straightforward approach of identifying the problem,defining the problem, determining the desired outcome, analyzing possible solutions andalternatives, and deciding on the optimal solution. Each problem is analyzed in the same manner,so the company will only implement optimal solutions that will aid the company in achieving itsgoals (Bolder & Oomen, 2014).Disadvantages.One of the major disadvantages of using the rational system model isthat it does not consider the people. It focuses on achieving the goal and using the organizationas a means to an end. According to Warren G. Bennis, who is an organizational consultant andauthor, the rational model is like an “organization without people” (Nmcová & van Schuppen,2010). This lack of concern for ethical considerations poses a threat for a business. In addition,

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