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Lecture 17 Late Neoclassicism

Ntriesthroughouteurope ultimatecauseofwwiwwii

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Unformatted text preview: emperor: Empire (1804­ 1814) First Restoration (of the Bourbon rule): 1814/1815 “100 Days” of Napoleon’s Return from Elba and defeat at Waterloo: 1815 Second Restoration (of the Bourbon rule): 1815­1830 (another revolution) Napoleon’s Impact on Western Napoleon’ Civilization and Culture Code civil/Napoleonic Code Standardization of measures Merit and skill, not social origins matter for promotion and social advancement Reconciliation with Vatican (Concordat) after the Revolution Rise of national awareness in countries throughout Europe (ultimate cause of WWI, WWII) Militarization of European societies; preference for military subjects in art “Despotic” rule over the arts; discovery of art as a propaganda tool to influence public opinion Art to be morally uplifting, to inspire noble feelings like patriotism, self­sacrifice: embraced Neoclassicism as a style to associate his regime with the empire of ancient Rome (taking the title “emperor” as well) David: First Painter of the Empire David: First Painter of the Empire Jacques­Louis David, Napoleon at the Saint­Bernard Pass/Crossing the Alps,1800, oil David: painter to First Consul, later Emperor Napoleon Saint Bernard Pass: connecting France to Italy, tried to use for surprise Napoleon refused to sit for portrait: “Nobody knows if the portraits of the great men resemble them, it is enough that their genius lives there.” Heroic equestrian portrait: demonstrates Napoleon's ability to wield power with sound judgment and composure­­the fact that Napoleon did not actually lead his troops over the Alps but followed a couple of days after them, travelling on a narrow path on the back of a mule is not the point! Was so flattered by image that he ordered three more to be hung in the David: First Painter of the Empire David: First Painter of the Empire References Napoleon’s success at turning matters around in Italy in 1796: previously French soldiers lacked everything: food, clothing, even shoes, now even money is send back to France Heroic pose on rearing Arabian stallion, dominates the picture plane Pointed finger expresses idea of leadership: raised arm parallels the rising slope of the mountain, together with the line of his cloak, these create a series of diagonals that are counterbalanced by the clouds to the right. The overall effect is to stabilize the figure of Napoleon. Ground inscribed with...
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