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Boarding School Essay Saminder SinghNative American History HTY-110HM-CA02 Adam CarozzaMarch 19, 2021
Indian Boarding School EssayFollowing enforcing reservations and stripping Native of their lands, the U.S government wanted to make America one and thus made efforts to make the Nativeslike the Whites so that they could be included in their society. In 1887, the Dawes Actenabling the Native population to become civilized, was issued as a result of this growing aspiration of American lifestyle. However, the government’s strategies of inclusion of the non-Whites such as to not issue land to the entire tribe but to the families and to split tribes internally didn’t work. The government and settlers realized that it was tough and near impossible to “Americanize” the adults among theNative American population. So, activists thought that children were the right choice for this Americanization as it would be easy to lecture them on this in Boarding schools without any external interference. Thus, they believed this would Americanize them effortlessly and lifestyle on the reservation would be affected consequently.The reformers also wanted to Christianize Indians. Thus, several Catholic and Protestant schools were set up on reservations and the Native children were taught several subjects, but these schools focused more on converting the Indians. Bible was frequently read and Christianity was taught as a subject to the Indians. Churches were also established on reservations by these schools and Christian prayers were said to conclude each day. The schoolteachers had a high place within the Native society. All Christian festivals and rituals were celebrated. TheBureau of Indian Affairs founded the first Indian boarding school on the Yakima Indian Reservation in Washington in 1860 (Arsalan 1860). This is how the Indian children got the first exposure to the boarding school system. Two activists Herbert Welsh and Henry Pancoast advocated for the Native rights and insisted the U.S government to provide education to the Native peoples. These schools were
established as a part of their strategy to provide education to the Native children. They felt that education was a way to Americanize the Native Peoples and make them acceptable in the White American society. The activists wanted these people toacknowledge the views and cultures of the Whites. Material wealth, married nuclear families, private property, trade, and Mathematics were some of the topics the Indians were lectured on. They were also taught English so that they learnt how to read and write the language. In 1879, a second Boarding school called the Carlisle Indian Industrial School was established in Carlisle, Pennsylvania by Captain Richard Henry Pratt (Townsend, 2019).This school also had the same purpose; to teach Native children about the White lifestyle. Like the other reformers, Pratt also believed that the Natives’ culture and language had to be changed so that they could learn the White

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