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urve -parametric trend inequality
E. Europe & FSU
Asia 70 Latin America
Africa Gini coefficient 60 50 40 30 20
1000 2000 4000
GDP per capita 16000 32000 http://www.pdx.edu/econ/sites/www.pdx.edu.econ/ﬁles/kuznets_complete.pdf
Tuesday, December 3, 2013 Environmental Kuznets curve • Pollution / Environmental Degradation starts out low
• gets worse with industrialization
• then gets better later on with environmental
protection & technological innovation Tuesday, December 3, 2013 US Sulfur Dioxide
Emissions both axes scaled to 1900 levels
Tuesday, December 3, 2013 Forest Cover = are
forests growing? Tuesday, December 3, 2013 Environmental Kuznets Curve policy questions • Where is the tipping point
• Is environmental protection a luxury
• Open vs closed economies
• Economic move from industry to
information • How much do property rights matter?
Tuesday, December 3, 2013 definitely cleaner. With more and more environmental data sets gathered,
researchers could probe even deeper. Grossman and Krueger (1995) went back to
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This note was uploaded on 12/09/2013 for the course EEP 1 taught by Professor Berk during the Spring '12 term at University of California, Berkeley.
- Spring '12