Week 8 slides (410).pdf - ELECTORAL SYSTEMS AND PARTY...

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ELECTORAL SYSTEMS AND PARTY POLITICS POLI 410 Week 8 (Video 8.1) 1
ADVANTAGES OF THE SMP IN CANADA
TWO COMMON ASSUMPTIONS MADE ABOUT CANADA’S ELECTORAL SYSTEM: 1 That the influence of the electoral system on the party system has been unimportant or non-existent 2 That the party system has been an important nationalizing agency with respect to the sectional cleavages
ALAN CAIRNS Political scientist at UBC Provides a scathing critique of our electoral system (using election data from 1921-1965)
CAIRNS’ CRITIQUE (VIDEO 8.2) 1. Challenges the assumption that the SMP system in Canada creates stable majority governments with effective opposition 2. Our electoral system has fostered party systems which exacerbate section cleavages and identities (not sooth them)
H OW H A S O U R S M P S YS T E M C R E AT I O N S E C T I O N A L I S M ? ( V I D E O 8 . 3 ) Cairns’ forwards an institutional argument SMP system fuels division Influences 4 key dimensions of party politics
1. PARTY CAMPAIGNING For strategic reasons, parties get entrenched in specific regions – further creating divisions 7

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