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Unformatted text preview: s and we
use different IPA symbols), we Dr. Daniel Jones (1881-1967) What about Mandarin
The sound [b] does not exist in actual
Mandarin speech. We find only [p] and
are distinctive: ? vs ? [pai]
vs [phai] These Thus we say that [p] and [ph] are
phonemes in Mandarin. Phonemes and allophones
[p] In English:
/p/ are language specific
[ph] pill pie pat
/p/ ba ?
[p] pa ?
[ph] /p/ /ph/ In Mandarin Chinese: [b] bill buy bat
/b/ ? Basic Mandarin Sounds
A typical Mandarin Chinese syllable
(in pinyin): 4 tones (+neutral tone) zh ōng
(consonants) 37 finals
(medial)+ vowels(+terminals) Initials Mandarin Consonants IPA Stops
Alveolar-dental Structure of Finals
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This document was uploaded on 12/09/2013.
- Fall '13