Abn. Psych._ Final Paper

Abn. Psych._ Final Paper - Abnormal Psychology Maggie...

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Abnormal Psychology Maggie Picolo Hiram College Treating Autism All Around the World Introduction: Nicholas is a young boy that is celebrating his eighth birthday in just a couple of days. His parents are throwing him a birthday party, and all of Nicholas’s family and friends are invited to be part of the joyful day. The only problem is that Nicholas does not have any friends. All of the so called friends on the guest list are either his cousins or his classmates that Nicholas’s parents had to invite personally. Why? Because he is not like the other children that surround him. Nicholas suffers from a developmental disorder. It is a disorder that causes him to show particular behaviors, such as repetition of others and no desire to create social interactions. Nicholas also engages in walking on his tip-toes and tends to pull hair or pinch those around him when distressed. Some of his behaviors have caused Nicholas to not gain friends but the other reason is because he experiences social impairment, such as absence of developing relationships
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with his classmates and displaying limited amount of emotional responses as well as facial expressions. Altogether, Nicholas is a young boy who suffers from autism. Autism, also known as infantile autism, is defined as a persuasive development disorder marked by severe impairments in social relationships and communication as well as bizarre behavior patterns (Kearney & Trull p. 383). Diagnosis for autism is based on the DSM-IV-TR, and in order for a person to get diagnosed with autism they must meet criteria for six of the twelve features that the DSM-IV-TR published as symptoms of the disorder. Another requirement is that developmental deficiencies in social interaction, language, and play must occur before the age of three (Kearney & Trull p. 383). Now the notion to question is the treatment for autism. Treatment for autism has been controversial dispute since the disorder itself was discovered. All across the world psychiatrists, psychologists, and other healthcare professionals have been trying to find the “cure” for autism. Yet a specific neurobiological finding has not been discovered as the direct cause of autism. This therefore initiates that no direct medical treatments, which include diets, gut treatments, antidepressants, and secretion to list a few, can be made to cure autism alone. Treatment options vary from simple conducts like early intervention for children to more scientific treatments such as acupuncture. The “norms” of a society have a major effect on a country. What one government determines ethical, another considers abusive. The majority of impoverished countries also are given less opportunity to research and examine treatments for autism, due to lack of resources. The beliefs and limitations determine the initiative way of how a country takes approach in providing treatment for individuals suffering from autism. In all, since the mission of finding a treatment is such a universal controversy, the primary focus of this paper is to examine three different countries and evaluate their approaches in treating autism. The similarities and differences between the United
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