POSC120_Midterm_Outline - CHAPTER 1 SEEKING NEW LANDS...

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CHAPTER 1: SEEKING NEW LANDS, SEEING WITH NEW EYES -Governments have not been able to slow the trend of globalization over the last fifty years -Labor costs are simply too high for companies to manufacture most clothes in the United States, Great Britain, Japan, or any other wealthy country -African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA)- reduced tariffs and other restrictions on 1800 textile and other products imported into the United States from Africa. It was designed to give manufacturers and incentive to open factories in the world’s poorest continent. It helped to create tens of thousands of jobs in countries such as Kenya, Lesotho, and Uganda, where the women who work in the new textile mils are referred to as AGOA girls -We live in a time of crisis -more to a crisis than simply a “threat” -more of a turning point-if handled well, a crisis also opens the door to new, often previously un-thought-of possibilities Leaders in transition: TONY BLAIR -Became Prime Minister of U.K. and Northern Ireland in May 1997 when his Labour Party ended a string of four defeats in a landslide victory over the ruling Conservative (Tory Part) -Promised and carried out economic and constitutional reform -Why he lost popularity -Obsession with maintaining total control over his party often with colleagues who made a series of dubious ethical decisions -More pro-European than most British citizens -Relatively slow rate of economic growth made it hard for the government to improve the National Health Service and other social programs -He took Britain into the war against Iraq without the support of the United Nations Security Council VLADIMIR PUTIN: -Became acting president of Russia on December 31, 1999, when Boris Yeltsin resigned -proved very popular and effective -steered new political party with good showing in 2000 and 2004 -lot of credit with forcefulness an renewed war with rebel in Chechnya -forced to deal with wealthy oligarchs who supported Yelstin Types of States: -Industrialized democracies -Current and former Communist regimes -The third world
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Three templates to Compare -The Political System -Historical and Contemporary Factors -State, Society, and Globalization CHAPTER 1 TERMS Cold War- rivalry between the superpowers from the end of World War II to the collapse of the Soviet Union Communism- theory developed by Marx and Engels that was adapted and used in such countries as China and the former Soviet Union Communist Party- a political party inspired by Marxism-Leninism, usually as developed in the former Soviet Union Constitution- a basic political document that lays out the institutions and procedures a country follows Crisis- a critical turning point Decision making- the way governments (or other bodies) make policies Demand- inputs through which people and interest groups put pressure on the state for change Democratization- the process of developing democratic states
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