POSC120_midterm - Elizabeth Stinnett POSC 120 Midterm Study...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Elizabeth Stinnett POSC 120 Midterm Study Guide TERMS CHAPTER 1 Cold War- rivalry between the superpowers from the end of World War II to the collapse of the Soviet Union Communism- theory developed by Marx and Engels that was adapted and used in such countries as China and the former Soviet Union Communist Party- a political party inspired by Marxism-Leninism, usually as developed in the former Soviet Union Constitution- a basic political document that lays out the institutions and procedures a country follows Crisis- a critical turning point Decision making- the way governments (or other bodies) make policies Demand- inputs through which people and interest groups put pressure on the state for change Democratization- the process of developing democratic states Environment- in systems theory, everything lying outside the political system Feedback- how events today are communicated to people later on and shape what people do later on Globalization- popular term used to describe how international economic, social, cultural, and technological forces are affecting events inside individual countries Government- either a generic term to describe the formal part of the state or the administration of the day Imperialism- the policy of colonizing other countries—literally, establishing empires Industrialized democracy- the richest countries with advanced economies and liberal states Input- support or demand for people to the state
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Interest group- an organization formed to work for the views of a relatively narrow group of people, such as a trade union or business association International political economy (IPE)- the network of economic activity that transcends national boundaries Nation- as used by political scientists, primarily a psychological term to describe attachment or identity rather than geopolitical unit such as the state Newly industrializing countries (NICs)- the handful of countries, such as South Korea, that have developed a strong industrial base and grown faster than most of the third world Output- public policy in systems theory Political culture- basic values and assumptions that people have toward authority, the political system, and other over-arching themes in political life Political party- organization that contests elections or otherwise contends for power Politics- the process through which a community, state, or organization organizes and governs itself Power- as conventionally defined, the ability to get someone to do something he or she otherwise would not do Public policy- the decisions made by a state that define what it will do Regime- the institutions and practices that endure from government to government, such as the constitutional order in a democracy State- all individuals and institutions that make pubic policy, whether they are in the government or not Strong state- one with the capacity and the political will to make and implement effective public policy Support- in systems analysis, popular input that tends to endorse the current leadership and its policies
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern