POSC120_midterm - Elizabeth Stinnett POSC 120 Midterm Study...

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Elizabeth Stinnett POSC 120 Midterm Study Guide TERMS CHAPTER 1 Cold War- rivalry between the superpowers from the end of World War II to the collapse of the Soviet Union Communism- theory developed by Marx and Engels that was adapted and used in such countries as China and the former Soviet Union Communist Party- a political party inspired by Marxism-Leninism, usually as developed in the former Soviet Union Constitution- a basic political document that lays out the institutions and procedures a country follows Crisis- a critical turning point Decision making- the way governments (or other bodies) make policies Demand- inputs through which people and interest groups put pressure on the state for change Democratization- the process of developing democratic states Environment- in systems theory, everything lying outside the political system Feedback- how events today are communicated to people later on and shape what people do later on Globalization- popular term used to describe how international economic, social, cultural, and technological forces are affecting events inside individual countries Government- either a generic term to describe the formal part of the state or the administration of the day Imperialism- the policy of colonizing other countries—literally, establishing empires Industrialized democracy- the richest countries with advanced economies and liberal states Input- support or demand for people to the state
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Interest group- an organization formed to work for the views of a relatively narrow group of people, such as a trade union or business association International political economy (IPE)- the network of economic activity that transcends national boundaries Nation- as used by political scientists, primarily a psychological term to describe attachment or identity rather than geopolitical unit such as the state Newly industrializing countries (NICs)- the handful of countries, such as South Korea, that have developed a strong industrial base and grown faster than most of the third world Output- public policy in systems theory Political culture- basic values and assumptions that people have toward authority, the political system, and other over-arching themes in political life Political party- organization that contests elections or otherwise contends for power Politics- the process through which a community, state, or organization organizes and governs itself Power- as conventionally defined, the ability to get someone to do something he or she otherwise would not do Public policy- the decisions made by a state that define what it will do Regime- the institutions and practices that endure from government to government, such as the constitutional order in a democracy State- all individuals and institutions that make pubic policy, whether they are in the government or not Strong state- one with the capacity and the political will to make and implement effective public policy Support- in systems analysis, popular input that tends to endorse the current leadership and its policies
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