05_phrase_struct - Fundamentals of Grammar Phrase Structure Rules Joshua Crowgey Ling 100 Department of Linguistics University of Washington 25 June

05_phrase_struct - Fundamentals of Grammar Phrase Structure...

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Fundamentals of Grammar Phrase Structure Rules Joshua Crowgey Ling 100 Department of Linguistics University of Washington 25 June 2012
Today content syntactic ambiguity phrase structure rules & trees recursion evidence for syntactic phrases movement pronominalization coordination remember hw3 due tomorrow night (practice version available)
Syntax Definition Syntax is the study of the organization of words into larger units ( phrases and sentences ). evidence theoretical evidence (infinite language from finite rule set) syntactic ambiguity
syntactic ambiguity ambiguity resulting from the syntactic structure of the phrase or sentence. our famous headlines examples: SQUAD HELPS DOG BITE VICTIM TEACHER STRIKES IDLE KIDS HERSHEY BARS PROTEST
Syntactic ambiguity Phrase structure trees and brackets are notational equivalents. hershey bars protest hershey bars protest phrase structure trees [hershey [bars protest]] [[hershey bars] protest] bracketed phrase structure
Phrase structure Definition A phrase is a string of (one or more) words that functions as syntactic unit (or constituent ).

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