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Andrew SodermanDr. StangoHIST 110 Final Exam Study Guide12/9/131.Chapter 12 – Reform and Politics (1824-1845)a.Lecture Materiala.i.Election of 1828a.i.1.Candidatesa.i.1.a.Natl Reps – John Quincy Adams a.i.1.b.Jacksonian Dems – Andrew Jacksona.i.2.Resultsa.i.2.a.Jackson wins with 178 votesa.i.2.b.John C. Calhoun is Vice Presidenta.ii.“Kitchen Cabinet”a.ii.1.Andrew Jackson’s cabinet made up of about 12 men he knew from Tennessee; helped him make policy decisionsa.iii.Spoils System a.iii.1.System of rewarding people who supported you with political favorsa.iii.2.Approximately 20% of federal bureaucracy lost jobs to spoils systema.iii.3.Van Buren distributed the patronagea.iii.4.Solidified Jackson’s hold on Dem. Partya.iv.Webster-Hayne Debatea.iv.1.Webster (NE Senator) vs. Hayne (SC Senator)a.iv.2.Should western lands be sold or given?a.iv.2.a.Hayne took this time to complain about Tariff of 1828 and nullificationa.iv.2.b.Webster speaks to Hayne’s concerns for 4 hours about how he only cares about the Southa.iv.2.c.“Liberty and union, now and forever, alone and inseparable”a.v.Eaton Affaira.v.1.Eaton’s (Sec of War) wife wasn’t invited out with the other wivesa.v.2.Jackson’s cabinet resignsa.vi.Reorganization of Cabineta.vi.1.Jackson picks a new Nationalist Cabinet after his last cabinet resigneda.vii.Tariff of 1832a.vii.1.35-37%a.vii.2.November 1832 – SC holds state conventiona.vii.2.a.Discusses how tariff wasn’t lowered enough
a.vii.2.b.“If govt. tries to use military force, we’ll secedea.vii.3.Jackson says “No state can defy federal law, no one can secede”a.viii.Nullification of Tariffsa.viii.1.Jackson says that nullification is disunion and accompanied with military force against it is treasona.ix.Force Billa.ix.1.Navy and Army can enforce the tariff in SCa.ix.2.SC begins massing border armya.ix.3.SC governor Hayne says to relaxa.x.Election of 1832a.x.1.Candidatesa.x.1.a.Jackson – 219 votesa.x.1.b.Clay – 49 votesa.xi.Compromise Tariff of 1833a.xi.1.Over next 9-10 years, tariffs will be lowered to 20-25%a.xi.2.Clay and Calhoun orchestrated thisa.xii.Bank Vetoa.xii.1.Jackson kills the 2ndNatl. Banka.xii.2.Clay tries to sneak in a recharter bill 4 years earlya.xii.3.Jackson vetoes Bill and tells Secretary of Treasury to withdraw money and put in State Banksa.xiii.“Pet Banks”a.xiii.1.These state banks were referred to as Jackson’s “pet banks”a.xiii.2.Spend government moneya.xiv.Removal Act of 1830a.xiv.1.Congress appropriates money to renegotiate with Indians and move them west of Mississippi Rivera.xv.Cherokee Nation v. Georgiaa.xv.1.Marshall ruled that Cherokee have right to landa.xv.2.Can only lose it if they voluntarily gave it upa.xvi.“Trail of Tears”a.xvi.1.1000s of Indians forcibly removed and relocated 100s of miles to west of Mississippi Rivera.xvi.2.Lots die from disease and starvationa.xvi.3.Resistance was “escorted” by militarya.xvii.Whig Partya.xvii.1.