HIST110 Final Exam Study Guide - Andrew Soderman Dr Stango...

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Andrew Soderman Dr. Stango HIST 110 Final Exam Study Guide 12/9/13 1. Chapter 12 – Reform and Politics (1824-1845) a. Lecture Material a.i. Election of 1828 a.i.1. Candidates a.i.1.a. Natl Reps – John Quincy Adams a.i.1.b. Jacksonian Dems – Andrew Jackson a.i.2. Results a.i.2.a. Jackson wins with 178 votes a.i.2.b. John C. Calhoun is Vice President a.ii. “Kitchen Cabinet” a.ii.1. Andrew Jackson’s cabinet made up of about 12 men he knew from Tennessee; helped him make policy decisions a.iii. Spoils System a.iii.1. System of rewarding people who supported you with political favors a.iii.2. Approximately 20% of federal bureaucracy lost jobs to spoils system a.iii.3. Van Buren distributed the patronage a.iii.4. Solidified Jackson’s hold on Dem. Party a.iv. Webster-Hayne Debate a.iv.1. Webster (NE Senator) vs. Hayne (SC Senator) a.iv.2. Should western lands be sold or given? a.iv.2.a. Hayne took this time to complain about Tariff of 1828 and nullification a.iv.2.b. Webster speaks to Hayne’s concerns for 4 hours about how he only cares about the South a.iv.2.c. “Liberty and union, now and forever, alone and inseparable” a.v. Eaton Affair a.v.1. Eaton’s (Sec of War) wife wasn’t invited out with the other wives a.v.2. Jackson’s cabinet resigns a.vi. Reorganization of Cabinet a.vi.1. Jackson picks a new Nationalist Cabinet after his last cabinet resigned a.vii. Tariff of 1832 a.vii.1. 35-37% a.vii.2. November 1832 – SC holds state convention a.vii.2.a. Discusses how tariff wasn’t lowered enough
a.vii.2.b. “If govt. tries to use military force, we’ll secede a.vii.3. Jackson says “No state can defy federal law, no one can secede” a.viii. Nullification of Tariffs a.viii.1. Jackson says that nullification is disunion and accompanied with military force against it is treason a.ix. Force Bill a.ix.1. Navy and Army can enforce the tariff in SC a.ix.2. SC begins massing border army a.ix.3. SC governor Hayne says to relax a.x. Election of 1832 a.x.1. Candidates a.x.1.a. Jackson – 219 votes a.x.1.b. Clay – 49 votes a.xi. Compromise Tariff of 1833 a.xi.1. Over next 9-10 years, tariffs will be lowered to 20- 25% a.xi.2. Clay and Calhoun orchestrated this a.xii. Bank Veto a.xii.1. Jackson kills the 2 nd Natl. Bank a.xii.2. Clay tries to sneak in a recharter bill 4 years early a.xii.3. Jackson vetoes Bill and tells Secretary of Treasury to withdraw money and put in State Banks a.xiii. “Pet Banks” a.xiii.1. These state banks were referred to as Jackson’s “pet banks” a.xiii.2. Spend government money a.xiv. Removal Act of 1830 a.xiv.1. Congress appropriates money to renegotiate with Indians and move them west of Mississippi River a.xv. Cherokee Nation v. Georgia a.xv.1. Marshall ruled that Cherokee have right to land a.xv.2. Can only lose it if they voluntarily gave it up a.xvi. “Trail of Tears” a.xvi.1. 1000s of Indians forcibly removed and relocated 100s of miles to west of Mississippi River a.xvi.2. Lots die from disease and starvation a.xvi.3. Resistance was “escorted” by military a.xvii. Whig Party a.xvii.1.

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