cultural development scale.docx - Atkinson&Sue Jacksons...

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Atkinson&Sue Jacksons Model Cross’s Model Helm’s White Racial Identity Gay/ Lesbian identit Stage 1 C onformity- prefers dominant culture, negative views about one’s and other minority groups Passive acceptance Precounter Contact- don’t recognize racism ; little contact with minority; superficial awareness of being white; some people stay in this stage indefinitely Sensitization - occurs before puberty, difference related more to gender tha sexuality Stage 2 Dissonance - question values of dominant culture and appreciate own and other minority cultures Encounter Disintegration - uncomfortable with advantages of being white ; to cope deny existence of racism and avoid minority Identity confusion - a 17-18; homosexual feelings ; denial ang attempt to become hetero Stage 3 Resistance (immersion Reject dominant culture, appreciate own and other minority cultures ethnocentrism Active resistance Immersion- emersion Reintegration - beliefs whites are superior and others are inferior Identity assumption - 19-22 reduction in

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