Period 7: 1890-1945, Part 1 DUE: March 1 Progressivism and Imperialism Key Concept 7.1: Growth expanded opportunity, while economic instability led to new efforts to reform US society and its economic system. Key Concept 7.2: Innovations in communications and technology contributed to the growth of mass culture, while significant changes occurred in internal and international migration patterns. Key Concept 7.3: Participation in a series of global conflicts propelled the United States into a position of international power while renewing domestic debates over the nation’s proper role in the world. Period 7 Part 1 Reading Questions (due February 5/6 & should be handwritten in complete sentences): Chapter 20: 1.What were the main goals of the progressive movement? -The main goals of the progressive movement was to to make political changes and social improvements through government action 2.How did McKinley’s assassination contribute to growing fears of anarchism and socialism among Americans? -McKinley’s assasination contributed to the growing fears of anarchisn and socialism as many believed it was another warning of the threat posed by radical immigrants 3.What progressive measures did Roosevelt take during his time in office? -He enforced the Sherman Antitrust Act, passed laws that strengthened the regulatory powers of the ICC, and made efforts to protect the nation's natural resources. Important actions were the repeated use of the Forest Reserve Act of 1891, the Newlands Reclamation Act, and 4.Why did Taft and Roosevelt “fall out” of friendship during Taft’s presidency? -Taft ordered the prosecution of almost twice the number of antitrusts cases as Roosevelt and Roosevelt thought of it as a personal attack on his integrity. 5.How did the progressive movement address the issue of child labor? -The National Child Labor Committee propsed model state labor laws that were passed by 2/3rds of the states by 1907. School attendance laws helped keep children out of the factories and mines. The Child Labor Act was also enacted in 1916, which prohibited the shipment in interstate commerce of products manufactured by children under 14 years old, but however was found unconstitutional in 1918. 6.How did Booker T. Washington’s approach to civil rights differ from that of W.E.B. DuBois? -Booker T Washington argued that African Americans' needs for education and economic progress were of foremost importance, and that they should concentrate on learning industrial skills for better wages. DuBois criticized Booker T Washington’s approach and demanded equal rights for African Americans.He argued that social and political rights were a prerequisite for economic independence 7.How did labor unions, such as the American Federation of Labor, become associated with anarchism and socialism? Did this connection help or hurt their cause in the eyes of most Americans?