Exceptional Learner Exam Notes - Exceptional Learner Exam Notes-Disability an inability to do something a diminished capacity to perform in a specific

Exceptional Learner Exam Notes - Exceptional Learner Exam...

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Exceptional Learner Exam Notes - Disability: an inability to do something, a diminished capacity to perform in a specific way (an impairment) - Handicap: a disadvantage imposed on an individual *A disability might or might not be a handicap, and vice versa - EAHCA (PL94-142) passed in 1975 amended to IDEA in 1990 **Education for All Handicapped Children Act Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (reauthorized in 2004) *** ensures that all children and youths with disabilities have the right to a free, appropriate public education -Americans with Disabilities Act ( ADA) ensures the right of individuals with disabilities to nondiscriminatory treatment in other aspects of their lives. Provides protection of civil rights in the specific areas of employment, transportation, public accommodations, state and local government, and telecommunications. ( enacted in 1990) - Inclusion: (integration) inclusion of exceptional learners in ordinary classrooms with their nonexceptional peers (single most important issue for some advocates, heated topic still today, since early 20 th century) -Normalization: the philosophy that we should use the means which are as culturally normative as possible, to establish and/or maintain personal behaviors and characteristics which are as culturally normative as possible *this idea lead to the closings of institutions and including exceptional learners in the general classrooms - deinstitutionalization: in ‘60s and ‘70s, people were taken out of institutions and put back into closer contact with the community *this lead to more children being raised by their families, and the closing of many institutions. CH. 2 -prereferral team ( PRT) team of professionals that is convened to work with the gen. ed. Teacher to help identify alternative educational strategies for the student before making a referral for spec. ed. Eval. (spec. ed. Teacher, counselor, admin. Psychologists) -Individualized Education Program (IEP): the legal document that describes the educational services a student receives. –vary greatly in format & detail from child to child - Self-determination: HAVING CONTROL OVER ONE’S LIFE, the right to make one’s own decisions about important aspects of one’s life *where to live, work, whom to be friends with, what education to pursue - Cooperative teaching: (collaborative teaching) an approach in which general ed. And spec. ed teachers teach together in the gen. classroom; it helps the spec. ed. Teacher know the context of the general ed. Classroom better - Cooperative learning: a teaching approach in which the teacher places students with heterogeneous abilities together to work on assignments -
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