Test Questions - History 114 B 13 December 2011 Test...

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History 114 B 13 December 2011 Test Questions Question A.) How might a member of the S.D.S. feel about the CIA’s covert operations in Iran and Guatemala? Why? Early in the Cold War, the United States got caught up in a number of foreign struggles. Two specific events occurred in Iran and Guatemala. In Iran, the Iranians democratically elected Prime Minister Mohamed Mossadegh. Mossadegh wished to nationalize Iran’s oil industry, drawing alarm from the Western World. In conjunction with Britain, the CIA covertly overthrew Mossadegh and inserted Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi. Reza Shah would eventually prove to be a harsh dictator and the covert operations would come back to haunt the U.S. In Guatemala, a similar event took place. The people of Guatemala freely elected Jacobo Arbanez, a self-proclaimed socialist who desired to buy land and sell it cheaply to farmers. This socialist mindset also alarmed the U.S., causing another CIA covert operation to oust the freely elected Arbanez and to install Colonel Carlos Castillo Armaz as president. In both cases, the CIA undermined the democratic process in order to contain communism. During the early 1960s, a group known as the Students for a Democratic Society (S.D.S.) formed to protest inequality and injustice worldwide. The S.D.S. was comprised mainly of well-to-do, white college students who vigorously protested the Vietnam War. They espoused freedom and equality and condemned capitalistic greed and the use of violence. Their grievances related to the war in Vietnam were mostly tied to the U.S.
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using armed force as a means of imposing a capitalist society upon all of Vietnam, regardless of what the Vietnamese wanted.
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