FINAL notes

FINAL notes - Anth 1003 Final Uncentralized 1 Band 2 Tribe Centralized 3 Chiefdom 4 State Can distinguish between 4 different types of political

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
11/7/2007 Uncentralized Centralized 1. Band 3. Chiefdom 2. Tribe 4. State Can distinguish between 4 different types of political organizations. Political Organizations— way power is distributed in a particular society and is embedded. 1. Band—completely uncomplexà 4. State—very complex- politically unstable don’t stay around too long. Band— least centralized way of political organization. Small groups with related households. Might gather periodically in larger group. But that group has no control over the individual. Less than 100 people in a band. Food foragers, nomadic groups, oldest kind of political organization. Little or no concept of property ownership. Land tenure— a particular society images their relationship with land. Individuals don’t own the land, but the band has a right of access to land. Ex: generalized reciprocity. - Don’t have role specialization - Egalitarian societies - Person in change— “headman”— not inherited. Headman because he is influential, knowledgeable, and has earned that position. He is agreed upon. - Headman of band might coordinate when and where they will move but he does not organize hunting parties or negotiate marriages. Other bands are completely separate bands—no higher authority or name for more than 1 band. Tribe— concept of big man— leader of tribal society. Affiliated with horticulturalism and pastoralism. Societies are larger and denser. Tribe may consist of 100’s of members largely egalitarian, have big man some kind of political power. Main difference between tribe and bands—the mechanism that will cut across. Members of age set—that will be in a different location than me (nuer). Clans—a member of the clan at each different location. Tribal segment—tried together in some way. Ex: through religion- New Guinea religious culture. Big men- can lose job at any point—earned job. Have a little more authority than head men. Lineal land ownership—relative will link the groups together. Decision made by whole lineage who gets what land. Not land tenure. Chiefdom— simpler of the centralized units. One particular person- chief- centralized authority—often inherited. You’re the chief because god wanted you to be Ex: Hawaii. –more complex social structure. –tend to stay chief all your life. Different communities that make up Chiefdom are ranked. Chief will be in a different ground but will still be there run other groups, but there is a smaller chief in each group that is related to the chief. The group as a whole—hierachized. Ex: Pu’uhonua o’ Honaunau Hawaii: ideal of “mana”- type of religious behavior- animatism- “force”—like force of star wars. Redistrbution—
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course ANTH 1003 taught by Professor Demovic during the Spring '07 term at LSU.

Page1 / 15

FINAL notes - Anth 1003 Final Uncentralized 1 Band 2 Tribe Centralized 3 Chiefdom 4 State Can distinguish between 4 different types of political

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online