Chinese literature has formed five distinctive characteristics during more than 3.docx

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 5 pages.

Chinese literature has formed five distinctive characteristics during more than 3,000 years of development: 1. Literature's role and significance have always been given great emphasis in its long course of development. Confucius (551' 479 BC) first claimed that "poetry may serve to inspire, to reflect, to communicate and to admonish." Cao Pi, Emperor of the Kingdom of Wei in the Three Kingdoms period, also attached great importance to creative writing. He believed that written works could help rule a country, and said: "Writing is a great undertaking beneficial to the management of the country. Life is short and the fame never lasts, but writings are immortal." Du Fu, a great poet of the Tang Dynasty was more direct in elaborating on the role of poetry. He said that the fundamental purpose of poetry was to purify social morals. And Bai Juyi, another famous poet of the Tang Dynasty, said: "Writings are created in order to point out the errors of current ills and offer curative advice." These remarks by ancient poets, writers and literary critics produced profound influences on the later development of Chinese literature. Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping, assimilating with discernment the rational parts of these assertions on literature's role, put fotward a more definitive slogan: "Art serves workers, peasants and soldiers; art serves the people and socialism." Under this guidance, literature in the liberated areas made memorable achievements. And modern Chinese literature, especially the new literature, has attained unprecedented development and prosperity. 2. Chinese literature is an open literature which constantly brings in new ideas in literary forms and styles. For example, the form of poetry was developed from the four-character poem to the five and seven-character poem, and its style was developed from classical style to modern style, Lushi (standard form of poetry), and free verse poetry; and prose was developed from pre-Qin prose to Han rhyming prose, parallel prose and classical prose (as emerged in the movement for "The Revival of Classical Prose"). The kinds and forms of modern prose today are even more diversified. In terms of genres, Chinese literature encompasses shi poetry of the Tang Dynasty, ci poetry of the Song Dynasty, Yuan drama, and novels of the Ming and Qing dynasties. Several thousands years of development shows that Chinese literature is always in a state of change and innovation. One thing needs to be pointed out is that China is a nation of high rationality and can treat the changes and revolutions in literature forms dialectically. A new form of literature does not necessarily cancel out the previous one. For example, after the seven-character octave and seven-character quatrain occupied the dominant place in the poetry world, five- and four-character poems did not become extinct; on the contrary, they have Survived even till today. Another example, the creation of moden verse is encouraged these days, but there still is great enthusiasm for writing classical-style

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture