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history final essay study!!!! - Persia 558 BCE-651CE The...

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Persia 558 BCE-651CE The Persian empire (558BCE-651CE) had many great legacies within her four major dynasties.  The four major dynasties were the Achaemenids (558-330 BCE), Seleucids (323-283 BCE), Parthians (247 BCE-224 CE),  and Sasanids (224-651 CE).  These dynasties brought about growth to the Persian empire through cultural, social, and economic ideals.  The societal legacies left by the Persians were known as the steppe traditions as well as  bureaucrats and slave classes.  The steppe traditions were in order usually from warrior, priests, and peasants.  The steppe also ranged by family/clan kinships importance.  The bureaucrats were set up in many of the cities and they  were tax collectors, record keepers, and translators.  The slave class that existed within their society was usually prisoners of war or conquered populations.  However sometimes debtors, children, or even spouses were sold into slavery.  The societal government consisted of the Satrapies, which was a central control versus a local autonomy.  It had 23 administrative divisions, which had Persian Satraps but local staff.  Satraps also had a system of spies along with  business owners today’s worst nightmare, surprise audits.   The economical legacies of the Persian empire were also very well evolved.  They had large economic growth in the early years of their civilization due to cyrus’s and darius’s inventions of the Persian royal road.  The road  was 1600 miles and it allowed for 3 major benefits.  The first one being, it allowed merchants to move freely around the empire under protection.  It also allowed for a quick route for couriers to transport news amongst all of its cities  by traveling through the 111 post offices.  The roads last benefit was it allowed Indian goods, which were especially valued at that time, to enter into the empire in its entirety.  The last economic benefit created was the qanats, large  underground canals that allowed for better agricultural irrigation and water supplies.   They have a war based culture with many great leaders.  Some examples of these would be Alexander the Great and Xerxes. The culture’s most dominant religion was Zoroastrianism which later teaching would  influence the Jews living in Persia.  The religion faced its hard times during Alexander of Macedon it still prevailed thriving in the culture before Persia’s fall in 651CE. All great powers come to an end but the Persian legacies lived  on.
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