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researchpaper - Andrei Guth Eng 101 Mr Johnson The Ethics...

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Andrei Guth Eng 101 Mr. Johnson The Ethics of Embryonic Stem Cell Research History is littered with topics of heavy and heated debate. Holy wars rage over matters of opinion; rallies strike against abortion, gay marriage, and foreign policies. One of the most controversial issues of modern day America is that of stem cell research. Why? Stem cell research is a medical field of experimentation that involves “the undifferentiated cells of human embryos.” (Singer) In other words, scientists use embryos, which are clusters of 50-100 cells before they become human fetuses, in various experiments directed toward the cure of diseases. These embryos can, potentially, form any type of human cell possible. (Goldstein) Recent developments report a type of adult stem cell that reacts the same way as embryonic cells, and therefore could replace them. Yet these developments in no way suggest that embryonic cells are not still viable as a step in cure research. Opposers believe that embryonic cell research is amoral and unethical, but it is neither. It is vital in the evolution of medicine. First of all, the advantages of embryos and their versatility far outweighs its cons. Since they have not yet developed definitive characteristics of the human body, embryos can become any type of cell possible. (Peduzzi-Nelson) As Professor Peter Singer, from Princeton University, says, “When a human embryo consists of… 64 cells, its cells are, like a young dog, able to learn new tricks. If injected into a diseased kidney, they take on… the properties of ordinary
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kidney cells, and may help the kidney to perform its normal function.” (Singer) This means that embryonic cells adapt to create non-injured and non-diseased organ cells. The possibilities for this sort of chameleon skill are practically endless. Leukemia, diabetes, Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s disease, and damaged nervous systems, such as found in quadriplegics, all stand a chance at a cure. Banning this sort of research is absurd. Under most circumstance, an opposer’s argument is that “the human embryo is, from the moment of conception, a living, innocent human being.” (Singer) Yet this notion is flawed in and of itself. Experiments on rats, which are living, innocent beings, may find controversy in animal rights circles, but do not find themselves banned from continuation. One can only conclude that it is the idea of a human being having a experiment performed on him/her that is objected. Overall, this idea still does not hold. Embryos are no more than a cluster of undeveloped cells. As Professor
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researchpaper - Andrei Guth Eng 101 Mr Johnson The Ethics...

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