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Study Guide Test 1

Study Guide Test 1 - SOC180 Study Guide Test 1 Chapter 1 1...

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SOC180 Study Guide Test 1 Chapter 1 1 in eight Americans is poor The US, while less than 5% of the world’s population, uses ¼ of the worlds resources and is the largest contributor to global warming through the use of petroleum products Subjective nature of social problems refers to the idea that the definition of social problems differs by audience and time o Ex) pollution was not always a social problem while masturbation was Industrialized deviance exists when the society and its formal organizations are not meeting the needs of individuals. They often escape criticism and are rarely identified as social problems We consider social problems as follows: o Societally induced conditions that cause psychic and material suffering for any segment of the population o Acts and conditions that violate the norms and values found in society. Sociological imagination involves several components o Stimulated by the willingness to view the social world from the perspective of others o Ability to see societal patterns that influence individuals, families, groups, and organizations Understand reasons the book focuses on the system-blame approach (page 17- 18) Chapter 2 Three conditions must be met for capitalism to exist o Private ownership of property
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o Personal profit o Competition Socialism is an economic system in which the means of production are owned by the people for their collective benefit. There are five principles: o Democratism o Egalitarianism o Community o Public ownership o Planning for a common purpose Shared monopolies is when 4 or 5 firms supply 50% or more of a market
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