16 & 17 autonomy

Across development youths actively seek out peers who

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Unformatted text preview: nt, youths actively seek out peers who share their values, beliefs, and preferences. Why is the Peer Group So Influential During Early Adolescence ? Identity is not yet fully formed. A time of social reorganization and change in the structure of the school environment. A period of transition from the home to the peer group. Declining Influence of Peer Group Norms in Mid-to-Late Adolescence Changes in the nature of peer relationships (from unisex cliques to romantic dyads) may foster decreased reliance on the peer group. Norms of cliques and crowds become less influential as dyadic romantic relationships emerge as the main focus. 23 The Development of Cognitive Autonomy Autonomy Changes in the adolescent’s beliefs, opinions, and values Studied mainly by looking at how adolescents think Studied about moral, political, and religious issues about Three trends: Adolescents become increasingly abstract in the way Adolescents they think about moral, political, and religious issues they Beliefs become increasingly rooted in general Beliefs principles principles Beliefs become founded in the young person’s own Beliefs values values 24 Moral Development During Adolescence Adolescence How individuals think about moral dilemmas and make How moral judgments moral Lawrence Kohlberg’s Theory Lawrence Used morally challenging stories (Heinz) More interested in the reasoning behind people’s More explanations than whether the answer was right or wrong wrong Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Development Preconventional (childhood): Morality is determined by reference to external and physical events. Conventional (late childhood through early adolescence): Morality is evaluated based on consistency with society's rules and the expectations of others. Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Development (cont.) Postconventional (adolescence to early adulthood - although some individuals never reach this stage): Morality is based on internalized values and abstract principals. The Development of Cogni...
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This document was uploaded on 12/16/2013.

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