Unformatted text preview: horitarian Parenting &
Can be predictive of the stereotypical adolescent
defiance and rebelliousness.
Adolescents from these homes tend to have low selfconfidence and lack maturity.
Some may also have difficulty with autonomy because
they’ve never had a role in decision making within the
household. Behavioral Autonomy and
Development of Decision Making
Early in adolescence, there is a tendency to
underestimate the probability of negative outcomes.
Short-term rewards have a heavy weight in decisions.
By middle to late adolescence, decision-making shows
marked improvements. By late adolescence, decision
processes are similar to those of adults.
These changes reflect cognitive development. With
improvements in deductive reasoning, there is
enhanced ability to consider possibilities and
consequences of actions. Development of
Behavioral 17 Changes in Decision-Making
Abilities How do decision-making
abilities improve from 7th to
12th Older adolescents showed
more sophisticated abilities
in: awareness of risks considering future
consequences turning to a consultant Legal Decision-Making
18 When do adolescents make decisions as well as
adults? Debate about young people’s abilities to make
decisions in the real world
decisions Where should we draw the legal boundary
between adolescence and adulthood?
between Difficult debate because decision-making is
product of cognitive abilities and psychosocial
factors Develop along somewhat different
timetables Developmental Progression in
Influence of the Peer Group
Peer group norms have a modest
influence during early and
The peer group is fairly
influential during early and
Peak of influence is probably
during middle school years. Developmental Progression in
Influence of the Peer Group (cont.)
Influence of peer pressure declines in middle to late
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- Spring '13
- Psychology, Kohlberg's stages of moral development, Peer group, Emotional Autonomy, Behavioral Autonomy