16 & 17 autonomy

The development of cognitive autonomy cognitive 27

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Unformatted text preview: tive Autonomy Cognitive 27 Moral Development during Adolescence Research has shown that moral behavior does not Research always match moral reasoning always Contextual factors influence how a person acts when Contextual facing moral dilemmas in the real world facing Postconventional reasoning is relatively rare Studies have confirmed Kohlberg’s theory Moral reasoning becomes more principled over Moral the course of childhood and adolescence the 28 The Development of Cognitive Autonomy Cognitive Prosocial reasoning, behavior, and volunteerism: Prosocial behavior (helping others) Prosocial reasoning becomes more sophisticated But changes in actual prosocial behavior, such as But helping others or empathizing with others, are not consistently found in adolescence consistently Involvement in community service leads to Gains in social responsibility Gains in tolerance 29 The Development of Cognitive Autonomy Cognitive Political Thinking Becomes more abstract Becomes less authoritarian Becomes and less rigid Becomes more principled Becomes (an increase in a consistent set of attitudes; an ideology) ideology) 30 30 The Development of Cognitive Autonomy Cognitive Religious Beliefs Religious Become more abstract, more Become principled, and more independent during the adolescent years adolescent The stated importance of The religion—and participation in an organized religion—declines somewhat during the adolescent years 31 Ethnic and Cultural Differences in Expectations for Autonomy in White adolescents and their parents living in White America, Australia, or Hong Kong have earlier expectations for adolescent autonomy than do Asian adolescents from these same countries Asian No sex or birth order differences in expectations BUT there are sex differences in the extent to BUT which parents grant autonomy which Depends on the constellation of sons and Depends daughters in the household and on the parents’ attitudes toward sex roles. parents’...
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This document was uploaded on 12/16/2013.

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